Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn 300m west of Lyvennet Beck

A Scheduled Monument in Crosby Ravensworth, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.498 / 54°29'52"N

Longitude: -2.6033 / 2°36'11"W

OS Eastings: 361026.557533

OS Northings: 511579.461184

OS Grid: NY610115

Mapcode National: GBR BJ8F.6C

Mapcode Global: WH939.Z6JK

Entry Name: Round cairn 300m west of Lyvennet Beck

Scheduled Date: 9 July 1976

Last Amended: 11 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007580

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22467

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Crosby Ravensworth

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Crosby Ravensworth St Lawrence

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument is a slightly mutilated round cairn located on a shelf on the
western side of the Lyvennet valley 300m west of Lyvennet Beck. It includes an
oval-shaped stone and earth mound up to 2m high with maximum dimensions of 20m
by 12m. Although the monument is not known to have been excavated a trench
0.35m deep and 1m wide has been dug across its summit.
An information signpost on the monument's eastern side is excluded from the
scheduling although the ground beneath it is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited mutilation of the monument's summit, the cairn 300m west of
Lyvennet Beck survives well. It will contain undisturbed archaeological
deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath it.

Source: Historic England


Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)

Source: Historic England

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