Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 1200m north west of Beacon Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Newby and Scalby, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.2806 / 54°16'50"N

Longitude: -0.4654 / 0°27'55"W

OS Eastings: 500011.603707

OS Northings: 488301.144329

OS Grid: TA000883

Mapcode National: GBR TL6Y.19

Mapcode Global: WHGBZ.TNKT

Entry Name: Round barrow 1200m NW of Beacon Farm

Scheduled Date: 5 August 1933

Last Amended: 18 August 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008501

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21066

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Newby and Scalby

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: East Ayton St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes the remains of a prehistoric round barrow situated on an
area of open flat moor. The earthen barrow mound, which formerly survived to a
height of 1.2m, has now been reduced by continued ploughing to a height of
only 0.2m or 0.3m. It has a diameter of approximately 20m. Although no longer
visible at ground level, a ditch, from which material was excavated during the
construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This has become
infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature 2m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although this monument has been reduced by ploughing it will still retain
archaeological information. In particular, the old ground surface, and any
burials placed on or within this will survive, as will the infilled ditch. The
barrow is one of a group on this area of moorland and will contribute to our
understanding of the development and use of this wider group.

Source: Historic England


09136, NYCC SMR (09136), (1990)

Source: Historic England

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