Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 520m north west of Keepers Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Irton, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.2714 / 54°16'16"N

Longitude: -0.4734 / 0°28'24"W

OS Eastings: 499512.571699

OS Northings: 487264.954644

OS Grid: SE995872

Mapcode National: GBR TM41.9L

Mapcode Global: WHGBZ.PWSW

Entry Name: Round barrow 520m north west of Keepers Cottage

Scheduled Date: 5 August 1933

Last Amended: 18 August 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008482

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21062

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Irton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: East Ayton St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes the remains of a prehistoric round barrow. It is visible
as a low stone cairn 16m in diameter and 0.7m high. The cairn has the
appearance of a flat platform with a slight stone bank forming its periphery.
This shape is unusual and it is not clear to what extent this is due to stone
being robbed from its centre or, alternatively, from stone being dumped around
its edge. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from which
material was excavated during the construction of the monument, surrounds the
barrow mound. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried
feature 3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

This barrow survives reasonably well and it will retain information on the
manner and duration of its use. It is one of a group of barrows in the area,
and will contribute to an understanding of the development and use of this
group.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
03718, North Yorkshire SMR (03718), (1990)

Source: Historic England

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