Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 200m north of Keepers Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Irton, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.2696 / 54°16'10"N

Longitude: -0.4697 / 0°28'10"W

OS Eastings: 499760.035604

OS Northings: 487071.236488

OS Grid: SE997870

Mapcode National: GBR TM52.37

Mapcode Global: WHGBZ.RYK7

Entry Name: Round barrow 200m north of Keepers Cottage

Scheduled Date: 5 August 1933

Last Amended: 18 August 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008479

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21063

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Irton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: East Ayton St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a round barrow on East Ayton Moor, and is part of a
large group of prehistoric monuments dispersed across the moors. The mound is
constructed of stones, boulders and earth, and stands to a height of 1.2m,
with a diameter of 17m. The centre of the mound has been disturbed in the past
and a number of large boulders now protrude from it, which are likely to be
components of the internal structures of the mound. Although no longer visible
at ground level, a ditch, from which material was excavated during the
construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This has become
infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature 3m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The barrow survives reasonably well and will retain significant archaeological
information on the manner and duration of its use. It is one of a group of
barrows on this moor and it will contribute to our understanding of the
development and use of this group.

Source: Historic England


03719, North Yorkshire SMR (03719), (1990)

Source: Historic England

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