Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 700m north of Betton Farm

A Scheduled Monument in East Ayton, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.2609 / 54°15'39"N

Longitude: -0.4686 / 0°28'7"W

OS Eastings: 499848.492125

OS Northings: 486112.647006

OS Grid: SE998861

Mapcode National: GBR TM55.BB

Mapcode Global: WHGC5.S51B

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 700m north of Betton Farm

Scheduled Date: 5 August 1933

Last Amended: 10 August 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008128

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23806

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: East Ayton

Built-Up Area: East Ayton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: East Ayton St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow. The barrow mound is 23m in
diameter and up to 1.2m high. The barrow is crossed by a field boundary; to
the west of this boundary the mound has been affected by agricultural activity
and is only 0.4m high. To the east of the boundary the mound is 1.2m high.
Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from which material was
excavated during the construction of the monument surrounds the barrow mound.
This has become in-filled over the years but survives as a buried feature 4m
The barrow was partially excavated by Lord Conyngham, a 19th century
antiquarian. He found a cremation and two flint arrow heads.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although this barrow has been partially excavated and altered by agricultural
activity it survives reasonably well. Further evidence of the structure of the
mound, the surrounding ditch and burials will be preserved.

Source: Historic England


04219, North Yorkshire SMR,

Source: Historic England

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