Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 950m north of Betton Farm

A Scheduled Monument in East Ayton, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.2636 / 54°15'48"N

Longitude: -0.466 / 0°27'57"W

OS Eastings: 500015.281399

OS Northings: 486406.315015

OS Grid: TA000864

Mapcode National: GBR TM54.XD

Mapcode Global: WHGC5.T39B

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 950m north of Betton Farm

Scheduled Date: 5 August 1933

Last Amended: 19 August 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008130

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23808

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: East Ayton

Built-Up Area: East Ayton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: East Ayton St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow, a member of a wider group in
this area of the North Yorkshire moors. The barrow mound is 0.5m high and
35m in diameter. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from
which material was excavated during the construction of the monument,
surrounds the barrow mound. This has become in-filled over the years but
survives as a buried feature 4m wide.
The 19th century antiquarian Lord Conyngham partially excavated the barrow
mound in 1849. Beneath the mound he found a cremation with a small cairn
raised over it.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although this barrow has been partially excavated and altered by agricultural
activity it is still visible as a mound. Further evidence of the structure of
the mound, the surrounding ditch and burials will survive. It will also
contribute to an understanding of the wider group of which it is a member.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
9178, North Yorkshire SMR,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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