Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Hagworm Hill round barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Irton, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.2746 / 54°16'28"N

Longitude: -0.4578 / 0°27'28"W

OS Eastings: 500517.776981

OS Northings: 487651.849274

OS Grid: TA005876

Mapcode National: GBR TM70.PF

Mapcode Global: WHGBZ.YT4C

Entry Name: Hagworm Hill round barrow

Scheduled Date: 5 August 1933

Last Amended: 19 August 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012081

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21070

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Irton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: East Ayton St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a large earthen mound 44m in diameter and 3m high. It is
steep sided and has a flattened top. Although no longer visible at ground
level, a ditch, which was excavated during the construction of the monument,
surrounds the barrow mound. This has become infilled over the years but
survives as a buried feature 2m wide. The site was partially excavated by 19th
century antiquarians and burials placed within stone-lined cists were
discovered. More detailed investigations were undertaken in the 1970's which
revealed further burials, some accompanied by Bronze Age pottery sherds and
worked flint. The mound was also found to have been surrounded by a kerb of
stones. A similar ring of stones was also found within the barrow mound.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 4 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although known to have been excavated and partially reconstructed, Hagworm
Hill round barrow will still retain archaeological information. Parts of the
mound and the buried ditch surrounding it remain undisturbed and further
burials may survive. The barrow is one of a group of similar monuments on
Seamer Moor and will contribute to an understanding of the development and use
of this group.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Conyngham, A D, 'JBAA' in JBAA 1848, , Vol. 4, (1848), 102-3
09124, North Yorkshire SMR (09124),
NY 1057, Pacitto, A, English Heritage Ancient Monuments Record Form, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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