Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 1100m north west of Beacon Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Newby and Scalby, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.2798 / 54°16'47"N

Longitude: -0.4643 / 0°27'51"W

OS Eastings: 500084.394911

OS Northings: 488215.935055

OS Grid: TA000882

Mapcode National: GBR TL6Y.8K

Mapcode Global: WHGBZ.VP2D

Entry Name: Round barrow 1100m NW of Beacon Farm

Scheduled Date: 5 August 1933

Last Amended: 18 August 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008502

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21067

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Newby and Scalby

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: East Ayton St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a prehistoric round barrow situated on an area of open
flat moor. The barrow mound is constructed of earth and stone and has a
diameter of 20m. It survives to a height of 1.5m and has an uneven profile.
Although no longer visible, a ditch, from which material was excavated during
the construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This has become
infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature 2m wide. The mound is
not known to have been excavated. The barrow is one of a large group of burial
mounds on this area of moorland.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

This barrow survives well and is not known to have been disturbed by early
excavators. It will retain significant information on the form of the mound
and the burials placed within it. With other barrows on the moors it provides
an insight into the nature of Bronze Age ritual activity in this area.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
09135, North Yorkshire SMR (09135), (1990)

Source: Historic England

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