Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 160m north of Beacon Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Irton, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.2733 / 54°16'23"N

Longitude: -0.4537 / 0°27'13"W

OS Eastings: 500792.627888

OS Northings: 487511.336953

OS Grid: TA007875

Mapcode National: GBR TM80.LW

Mapcode Global: WHGC0.0V7C

Entry Name: Round barrow 160m north of Beacon Farm

Scheduled Date: 5 August 1933

Last Amended: 18 August 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008489

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21071

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Irton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Scarborough St Luke

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a prehistoric round barrow located on flat moorland. The
monument is visible as an earthen mound standing 3.5m high. The mound has a
diameter of 33m. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from
which material was excavated during the construction of the monument,
surrounds the barrow mound. This feature has become infilled over the years
but survives as a buried feature 4m wide. The barrow is not known to have been
excavated. This barrow is one of a large group of similar monuments spread
across the moor in this area.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

This monument survives reasonably well and appears never to have been
excavated. Evidence of the manner and duration of usage of this monument and
the environment in which it was created will be retained within and beneath
the barrow mound and its surrounding ditch. The barrow is part of a wider
group and will contribute to an understanding of the development and use of
this group.

Source: Historic England


09127, North Yorkshire SMR (09127), (1990)

Source: Historic England

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