Ancient Monuments

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Calling Low bowl barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Youlgreave, Derbyshire

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Latitude: 53.1807 / 53°10'50"N

Longitude: -1.7398 / 1°44'23"W

OS Eastings: 417484.319494

OS Northings: 364874.118035

OS Grid: SK174648

Mapcode National: GBR 46R.QXL

Mapcode Global: WHCDD.79RY

Entry Name: Calling Low bowl barrow

Scheduled Date: 25 February 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008003

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23239

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Youlgreave

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Youlgreave All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Derby


Calling Low bowl barrow is situated east of Cales Dale in the central uplands
of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. The monument includes a partly natural
sub-circular mound measuring 13m by 11m and standing c.1.5m high. This was
partially excavated in 1846 by Thomas Bateman, when a cist was found near the
surface of the mound, inserted into a natural knoll. The cist contained a
crouched human skeleton, a sandstone sphere, the leg bones of a dog and two
flint implements. These remains indicate a Bronze Age date for the barrow. The
drystone wall which crosses the monument is excluded from the scheduling
though the ground underneath is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Calling Low bowl barrow is a well-preserved example which has suffered only
limited disturbance and retains significant archaeological remains.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, (1849), 98-99
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977), 102

Source: Historic England

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