Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow in Foggy Lees Plantation

A Scheduled Monument in Middleton and Smerrill, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.1689 / 53°10'8"N

Longitude: -1.7188 / 1°43'7"W

OS Eastings: 418895.778737

OS Northings: 363571.877581

OS Grid: SK188635

Mapcode National: GBR 46Z.B8G

Mapcode Global: WHCDD.KLRZ

Entry Name: Bowl barrow in Foggy Lees Plantation

Scheduled Date: 24 April 1972

Last Amended: 8 December 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008061

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23263

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Middleton and Smerrill

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Youlgreave All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

The monument is a roughly circular bowl barrow situated above Flax Dale in the
central uplands of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. It includes a mound
measuring 17m in diameter and c.0.75m high and was partially excavated on
three occasions by Thomas Bateman, once in 1847 and twice in 1849. Bateman
found that the barrow consists of an earth layer covering a stone cairn which
is retained by a drystone kerb two courses high. Within the kerb on the west
side, found within a partially walled rock-cut grave, was a cremation covered
by a collared urn. A second cremation was found in the kerb on the north side,
accompanied by another decayed urn. Further disturbed human remains were
found, in addition to numerous flints, potsherds, melted lead and a fragment
of a polished stone axe. The latter was probably residual; that is, part of
the material used to construct the barrow. The other remains date the monument
to the Bronze Age.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although partly excavated, the bowl barrow in Foggy Lees Plantation retains
further significant archaeological remains and evidence of important
architectural features.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Abercromby, J, Bronze Age Pottery of the British Isles, (1912), 89
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills, (1861), 62-4
Bateman, T, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, (1849), 100-1
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977), 75

Source: Historic England

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