Ancient Monuments

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Kenslow Knoll bowl barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Middleton and Smerrill, Derbyshire

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Latitude: 53.1523 / 53°9'8"N

Longitude: -1.726 / 1°43'33"W

OS Eastings: 418422.60537

OS Northings: 361717.284465

OS Grid: SK184617

Mapcode National: GBR 475.8H9

Mapcode Global: WHCDL.G1B6

Entry Name: Kenslow Knoll bowl barrow

Scheduled Date: 16 February 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007993

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23250

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Middleton and Smerrill

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Youlgreave All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Derby


Kenslow Knoll bowl barrow occupies a hilltop position in the central uplands
of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. The monument is a sub-circular barrow
measuring 19.5m by 16m. It has a level top and stands c.0.75m high. Partial
excavations carried out by William Bateman in 1821 and Thomas Bateman in 1848
revealed a lined rock-cut grave containing an inhumation accompanied by a
round-heeled bronze dagger with three rivets and a number of quartz pebbles
which surrounded the head. A second inhumation was accompanied by a
Romano-British penannular brooch and pot sherd. The grave also contained a
stone battleaxe, burnt bones indicative of a cremation burial, and a rubbing
stone, while, elsewhere in the mound, various human and animal bones were
found in addition to fragments of a polished stone axe, numerous flint and
bone implements, a shale ring, sherds of Beaker pottery, seven perforated bone
crescents and an iron knife. The remains indicate that the barrow originated
in the Early Bronze Age but that it was re-used in the Romano-British period.
The iron knife suggests that it was also used in the Anglian period.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although the centre and part of the edge of Kenslow Knoll bowl barrow have
been disturbed by excavation, significant archaeological remains are preserved
in the unexcavated areas.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills, (1861), 20-22
Bateman, T, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, (1849), 28-30
Clarke, D L, The Beaker Pottery of Great Britain and Ireland, (1970)
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977), 73-4

Source: Historic England

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