Ancient Monuments

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Long Dale bowl barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Gratton, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.1441 / 53°8'38"N

Longitude: -1.7223 / 1°43'20"W

OS Eastings: 418674.165061

OS Northings: 360803.151998

OS Grid: SK186608

Mapcode National: GBR 475.WZB

Mapcode Global: WHCDL.J73J

Entry Name: Long Dale bowl barrow

Scheduled Date: 16 February 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007992

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23249

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Gratton

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Youlgreave All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

This monument is situated on the edge of Long Dale in the central uplands of
the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. It includes a sub-circular mound
measuring 12m by 10m and standing c.0.6m high. The mound is slightly higher to
the east than to the west where it levels out gradually into the side of the
dale. A partial excavation carried out by Thomas Bateman in 1857 revealed a
limestone cist or grave comprising two compartments, one of which contained
the disarticulated bones of some twelve adults and children mixed with charred
wood and burnt bone, animal bones, potsherds and a flint knife or spearpoint.
The second compartment contained a crouched female skeleton accompanied by
pottery fragments and flint artefacts. The remains indicate a Late Neolithic
or Bronze Age date for the barrow.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although partially disturbed by excavation, Long Dale bowl barrow survives
reasonably well and retains further significant archaeological remains.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills, (1861), 102

Source: Historic England

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