Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Wayside cross 95m WSW of Trelaske House

A Scheduled Monument in Lewannick, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.5975 / 50°35'51"N

Longitude: -4.4241 / 4°25'26"W

OS Eastings: 228538.091

OS Northings: 80336.948622

OS Grid: SX285803

Mapcode National: GBR NH.CPFV

Mapcode Global: FRA 17MH.899

Entry Name: Wayside cross 95m WSW of Trelaske House

Scheduled Date: 22 October 1973

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004238

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 858

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Lewannick

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Lewannick

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a wayside cross situated in the grounds of Trelaske House. The cross survives as a decorated, pierced wheel-head with projecting lugs beneath the head and a short section of shaft which is now embedded into the ground. The head has four holes, helping to create an equal armed cross shape. It has a central boss and a pecked-out, conical depression in the centre of the top. The cross stands to a height of approximately 0.6m, and was first recorded by Langdon in 1896.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-436283

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes which might have a more specifically religious function, including providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions. Wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration but several regional types have been identified. The Cornish wayside crosses form one such group. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross were carved. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ. Less common forms include the `Latin' cross, where the cross-head itself is shaped within the arms of an unenclosed cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low-relief cross on both faces. Over 400 crosses of all types are recorded in Cornwall. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval routeways, settlement patterns and the development of sculptural traditions and their survival is somewhat differential because of periods of religious turbulence during the Reformation when many were subject to damage or partial destruction by iconoclasts. The wayside cross 95m WSW of Trelaske House is slightly more unusual since the projecting lugs at the base of the neck are more indicative of an 11th century stylistic form.

Source: Historic England

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