Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round 750m north east of Trelaske House

A Scheduled Monument in Lewannick, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.6007 / 50°36'2"N

Longitude: -4.4133 / 4°24'47"W

OS Eastings: 229308.21327

OS Northings: 80664.489278

OS Grid: SX293806

Mapcode National: GBR NJ.CD64

Mapcode Global: FRA 17NH.0GH

Entry Name: Round 750m north east of Trelaske House

Scheduled Date: 22 October 1973

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004237

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 857

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Lewannick

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Lewannick

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a round, situated on the upper slopes of a ridge, overlooking the River Inny within Trelaske Wood. The round survives as an oval enclosed area of approximately 70m by 40m. It is defined by a single rampart bank measuring up to 1.3m high, and outer ditch of up to 10m wide and 0.8m deep. To the south east is a single inturned entrance.

Part of the ditch has been utilised as a vehicular track, the surface of which is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath is included.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-436286

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rounds are small embanked enclosures, one of a range of settlement types dating to between the later Iron Age and the early post-Roman period. Usually circular or oval, they have a single earth and rubble bank and an outer ditch, with one entrance breaking the circuit. Excavations have produced drystone supporting walls within the bank, paved or cobbled entrance ways, post built gate structures, and remains of timber, turf or stone built houses of oval or rectangular plan, often set around the inner edge of the enclosing bank. Other evidence includes hearths, drains, gullies, pits and rubbish middens. Evidence for industrial activities has been recovered from some sites, including small scale metal working and, among the domestic debris, items traded from distant sources. Some rounds are associated with secondary enclosures, either abutting the round as an annexe or forming an additional enclosure. Rounds are viewed primarily as agricultural settlements, the equivalents of farming hamlets. They were replaced by unenclosed settlement types by the 7th century AD. Over 750 rounds are recorded in the British Isles, occurring in areas bordering the Irish Seas, but confined in England to south west Devon and especially Cornwall. Most recorded examples are sited on hillslopes and spurs. Rounds are important as one of the major sources of information on settlement and social organisation of the Iron Age and Roman periods in south west England. The round 750m north east of Trelaske House survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, trade, agricultural practices, social organisation, territorial significance, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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