Ancient Monuments

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Round called Killabury

A Scheduled Monument in Lezant, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5804 / 50°34'49"N

Longitude: -4.3978 / 4°23'51"W

OS Eastings: 230337.705677

OS Northings: 78377.480177

OS Grid: SX303783

Mapcode National: GBR NJ.DXXF

Mapcode Global: FRA 17PJ.LJP

Entry Name: Round called Killabury

Scheduled Date: 17 March 1975

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004219

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 886

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Lezant

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: North Hill

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a round, situated on a ridge, overlooking the valley of the River Inny. The round survives as an oval enclosed area defined by a rampart bank, ditch and partial counterscarp bank which are preserved differentially. In part both banks and partially-buried ditch are clearly defined to the north east, west and south west, although they are much less clear to the north. It has been partly cut by a small quarry to the north west, and this section is excluded from the scheduling. It is known locally as 'Killabury' or 'Roundbury'.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-436780

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rounds are small embanked enclosures, one of a range of settlement types dating to between the later Iron Age and the early post-Roman period. Usually circular or oval, they have a single earth and rubble bank and an outer ditch, with one entrance breaking the circuit. Excavations have produced drystone supporting walls within the bank, paved or cobbled entrance ways, post built gate structures, and remains of timber, turf or stone built houses of oval or rectangular plan, often set around the inner edge of the enclosing bank. Other evidence includes hearths, drains, gullies, pits and rubbish middens. Evidence for industrial activities has been recovered from some sites, including small scale metal working and, among the domestic debris, items traded from distant sources. Some rounds are associated with secondary enclosures, either abutting the round as an annexe or forming an additional enclosure. Rounds are viewed primarily as agricultural settlements, the equivalents of farming hamlets. They were replaced by unenclosed settlement types by the 7th century AD. Over 750 rounds are recorded in the British Isles, occurring in areas bordering the Irish Seas, but confined in England to south west Devon and especially Cornwall. Most recorded examples are sited on hillslopes and spurs. Rounds are important as one of the major sources of information on settlement and social organisation of the Iron Age and Roman periods in south west England. Despite some reduction in the height of the rampart through cultivation, the round called Killabury survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, trade, agricultural practices, social organisation, territorial significance, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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