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Medieval hall and St Mary Magdalene's Chapel at Trecarrell

A Scheduled Monument in Lezant, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5799 / 50°34'47"N

Longitude: -4.3777 / 4°22'39"W

OS Eastings: 231754.234534

OS Northings: 78268.600278

OS Grid: SX317782

Mapcode National: GBR NK.DWXN

Mapcode Global: FRA 17QJ.NBC

Entry Name: Medieval hall and St Mary Magdalene's Chapel at Trecarrell

Scheduled Date: 12 June 1959

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004383

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 577

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Lezant

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Lezant

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument, which falls into two areas of protection, includes a medieval hall and chapel situated in the grounds of Trecarrell Manor. The hall survives as a rectangular roofed building of 16th century date with its original arch-braced timbers. The hall has four traceried mullioned, granite-framed windows to the south and two similar windows to the north. The elaborately moulded granite-framed doorway has the coats of arms of Henry Trecarrel and his wife's family (Kelway) carved on the tympanum. It was intended that the south western end would be extended as there is a blocked Tudor fireplace on the outer face of the wall and granite facing blocks still project at the southern corner. This work was abandoned by Henry Trecarrel following the death of his heir in 1511, when he diverted his attention instead to building churches. Henry Trecarrel was mayor of Launceston in 1536 and 1543 and died in 1544.

The chapel survives as a small rectangular building with a restored slate roof but original interior wagon roof and carved roof plate, three traceried windows and a door. It contains many internal features of note including two piscinae, traces of a gallery and springing for a spiral staircase and a garderobe and fireplace at first floor level. Excavations in the chapel in the 1980's produced evidence of the wooden posts used to support the gallery and also for earlier buildings on the site both agricultural and ecclesiastical. Although mainly of 16th century date the chapel incorporates the remains of an earlier medieval chapel. Documents dating to 1383 record a chapel here.

The hall and chapel are both Listed Grade 1 (393656) and (393657).

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-436783 and 436786

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The medieval hall and chapel of Trecarrell Manor are rare, complete and important examples of their types in Cornwall. They form part of a complex of manorial buildings relating to the site's domestic, agricultural and ecclesiastical use and belonged to and were built by an important local man. Pevsner described the hall as "one of the most spectacular domestic buildings of the Middle Ages in Cornwall" and the chapel is also one of the best preserved in the county retaining many of its original features.

Source: Historic England

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