Ancient Monuments

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St David's Colliery

A Scheduled Monument in Llangennech, Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6917 / 51°41'30"N

Longitude: -4.1145 / 4°6'52"W

OS Eastings: 253941

OS Northings: 201336

OS Grid: SN539013

Mapcode National: GBR GT.SGSP

Mapcode Global: VH4JT.MQPZ

Entry Name: St David's Colliery

Scheduled Date: 28 July 1994

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2825

Cadw Legacy ID: CM265

Schedule Class: Industrial

Category: Coal Mine

Period: Post Medieval/Modern

County: Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

Community: Llangennech

Traditional County: Carmarthenshire

Description

The monument consists of a coal mine, dating to the 19th century. The colliery was sunk by the Llangenech Coal Co. from 1825 and linked by the horse-drawn Llanelli Railway in 1833 to the New Dock at Llanelli. The remains include the substantial buttressed walls of a stone pumping engine house, the heapstead, several other low stone walls remaining from ancillary buildings and engine houses, and the massive steam-powered incline house for a railway incline to Penprys Colliery.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance and illustrate our knowledge and understanding of the development of the coalmining industry in Wales. It retains significant archaeological potential, with the strong possibility of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits. A caol mine may be part of a larger cluster of industrial monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value. The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive. It measures 90m x 30m.

Source: Cadw

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