Ancient Monuments

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Merthyr Mawr Churchyard Cross

A Scheduled Monument in Merthyr Mawr, Bridgend (Pen-y-bont ar Ogwr)

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.4853 / 51°29'7"N

Longitude: -3.6102 / 3°36'36"W

OS Eastings: 288288

OS Northings: 177493

OS Grid: SS882774

Mapcode National: GBR HC.KLM2

Mapcode Global: VH5HJ.CXRQ

Entry Name: Merthyr Mawr Churchyard Cross

Scheduled Date: 25 March 1953

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 624

Cadw Legacy ID: GM226

Schedule Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Category: Cross

Period: Medieval

County: Bridgend (Pen-y-bont ar Ogwr)

Community: Merthyr Mawr

Traditional County: Glamorgan

Description

The monument consists of a free standing cross probably dating to the early medieval or medieval period, which stands in the churchyard on the south side of the church. The cross, pillar and base together are c2.4m in height and stand on a set of three steps. The square cross base is 0.4m in height and 0.5m square and 0.4m high with a chamfered top. The pillar octagonal but is squared at its juncture with the base. Set on top of the pillar, but of a later date than the rest of the monument, is a crucifix which faces the west, carved from the back of the crucifix are the virgin and child.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of the organisation and practice of Christianity. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits. A cross may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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