Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Llwyn-on Farmstead

A Scheduled Monument in Talybont-on-Usk (Tal-y-bont ar Wysg), Powys

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Latitude: 51.8451 / 51°50'42"N

Longitude: -3.4087 / 3°24'31"W

OS Eastings: 303055

OS Northings: 217221

OS Grid: SO030172

Mapcode National: GBR YN.TWN9

Mapcode Global: VH6CB.VWTD

Entry Name: Llwyn-on Farmstead

Scheduled Date: 15 September 1998

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 1543

Cadw Legacy ID: BR240

Schedule Class: Agriculture and Subsistence

Category: Farmstead

Period: Post Medieval/Modern

County: Powys

Community: Talybont-on-Usk (Tal-y-bont ar Wysg)

Traditional County: Brecknockshire


The monument comprises the remains of a small farmstead, probably dating to the 17th or 18th century. The site consists of a small homestead or farmstead comprising at least two domestic buildings and other agricultural features situated close to a stream that runs into the Taf Fechan river. The form of construction of the buildings is simple, they are rectangular in plan with no evidence of fireplaces, and were built using smooth rounded stones probably sourced from the river. The two main structures are separated by a yard, while the rubble foundations for possible outhouses, animal accommodation or storage buildings are located immediately to the E and N. The farmstead is bounded by a stone wall on three sides, the stream forming the fourth side, and there are earthen banks and artificial terraces to the N which could be part of an outer boundary system and field system. A platform or stony structure is visible which could have been used to support another structure, or for charcoal burning. The farmstead has an extensive associated field system, most of which lies outside the scheduled area. The site appears on the 1840 Tithe map and apportionment as a farmstead consisting of a homestead, three plots and a sheep walk.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of post medieval land use, settlement and economy. It is a well-preserved, relatively rare and little-understood example of upland settlement; and it retains great archaeological potential to enhance our knowledge of post medieval stock rearing practices in the upland zone, whether as permanent settlement, regular transhumance, or intermittent opportunistic expansion.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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