Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cefn Car settlement

A Scheduled Monument in Vaynor (Y Faenor), Merthyr Tydfil (Merthyr Tudful)

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Latitude: 51.8083 / 51°48'29"N

Longitude: -3.4256 / 3°25'32"W

OS Eastings: 301811

OS Northings: 213140

OS Grid: SO018131

Mapcode National: GBR YM.XBXY

Mapcode Global: VH6CJ.KTW5

Entry Name: Cefn Car settlement

Scheduled Date: 28 November 2003

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 4024

Cadw Legacy ID: GM571

Schedule Class: Agriculture and Subsistence

Category: Building (Unclassified)

Period: Medieval

County: Merthyr Tydfil (Merthyr Tudful)

Community: Vaynor (Y Faenor)

Traditional County: Brecknockshire


The monument comprises the remains of a small farmstead or settlement, probable dating to the late-medieval or post-medieval periods. It is situated within open moorland on the sheltered south-facing slope above the Nant Car stream. The settlement comprises a small stout building, surrounded by a complex of enclosures; a prominent building platform situated immediately to the south-east; a further small building with surrounding enclosures situated about 60m to the north-north-west of the first; and the remains of a stony bank forming a large enclosure that extends to the north-east of the whole. The settlement presumably represents the remains of a shepherd's or herdsman's bothy with several auxiliary structures, stock enclosures and possible garden plots and crop enclosures for winter feed.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of medieval and post-medieval land use, settlement and economy. It is a relatively rare and little-understood example of an upland farmstead and retains great archaeological potential to enhance our knowledge of medieval and post-medieval stock-rearing practices in the upland zone, whether as permanent settlement, regular transhumance, or intermittent opportunistic expansion.

The area scheduled comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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