Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Pant-y-Gadair Hut Circle Settlement

A Scheduled Monument in Vaynor (Y Faenor), Merthyr Tydfil (Merthyr Tudful)

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Latitude: 51.805 / 51°48'17"N

Longitude: -3.4729 / 3°28'22"W

OS Eastings: 298538

OS Northings: 212840

OS Grid: SN985128

Mapcode National: GBR YK.XK5Z

Mapcode Global: VH5G1.RWCP

Entry Name: Pant-y-Gadair Hut Circle Settlement

Scheduled Date: 18 March 2011

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 1329

Cadw Legacy ID: BR413

Schedule Class: Domestic

Category: Hut Circle

Period: Prehistoric

County: Merthyr Tydfil (Merthyr Tudful)

Community: Vaynor (Y Faenor)

Traditional County: Brecknockshire


The monument comprises the remains of an unenclosed settlement, which probably dates to the prehistoric period. It is located on the lower flank of Cadair Fawr overlooking the flat marshy area of Pany-y-gadair to the E. The widespread cairnfield of nineteen stone piles is interspersed with three hut circles (Items A, B and C). Each hut circle is defined by a circular or oval shaped stony bank. The stone piles making up the cairnfield (Item D) are mainly circular or oval in shape and measure from 2 to 8m in diameter and a maximum of 0.7m in height.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of prehistoric settlement organisation and social practices. The site is well preserved and retains significant archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of evidence relating to chronology, layout, building techniques and functional detail. Paleoenvironmental evidence may also survive.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and the area around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive. It is rectangular in shape on plan and measures 440m N-S by 360m transversely.

Source: Cadw

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