Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Gilfach-Hafel Camp

A Scheduled Monument in Llanrhystyd (Llanrhystud), Ceredigion

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Latitude: 52.3097 / 52°18'34"N

Longitude: -4.115 / 4°6'54"W

OS Eastings: 255907

OS Northings: 270059

OS Grid: SN559700

Mapcode National: GBR 8Q.WPFB

Mapcode Global: VH4FX.M6DQ

Entry Name: Gilfach-Hafel Camp

Scheduled Date: 16 September 1949

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 1866

Cadw Legacy ID: CD095

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Hillfort

Period: Prehistoric

County: Ceredigion

Community: Llanrhystyd (Llanrhystud)

Traditional County: Cardiganshire


The monument comprises the remains of a hillfort, which probably dates to the Iron Age period (c. 800 BC - AD 74, the Roman conquest of Wales). Hillforts are usually Iocated on hilltops and surrounded by a single or multiple earthworks of massive proportions. Hillforts must have formed symbols of power within the landscape, while their function may have had as much to do with ostentation and display as defence. This oval hillfort stands above a steep slope to the river on the south, and is defended on the west, north and east by a bank which stands c.2m high externally but is ploughed virtually level with the interior, save on the W and a little on the E, where it survives up to c.2m high above the interior beneath field boundaries. There is little trace anywhere of any external ditch.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric defensive organisation and settlement. The site forms an important element within the wider later prehistoric context and within the surrounding landscape. The site is well preserved and retains considerable archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of evidence relating to chronology, building techniques and functional detail.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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