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Defended Enclosure 800m NNE of Upton Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Cosheston, Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7136 / 51°42'48"N

Longitude: -4.8653 / 4°51'55"W

OS Eastings: 202151

OS Northings: 205537

OS Grid: SN021055

Mapcode National: GBR G9.S2MH

Mapcode Global: VH1S1.M686

Entry Name: Defended Enclosure 800m NNE of Upton Farm

Scheduled Date: 22 December 2008

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 1286

Cadw Legacy ID: PE546

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Enclosure - Defensive

Period: Prehistoric

County: Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)

Community: Cosheston

Traditional County: Pembrokeshire

Description

The monument, also known as Graveyard or Churchfield, comprises the remains of a small defended enclosure or homestead, which probably dates to the Iron Age period (c. 800 BC - AD 43). The enclosure is located on a NE-facing slope and 100m S of the tidal Carew River. The enclosure is circular in shape and measures 40m in diameter. The bank is of earth and stone composition and measures 1m in height and 5m in width. The outer ditch is shallow and measures a maximum of 4m in width. The location of the entrance is uncertain.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric defensive organisation and settlement. The site forms an important element within the wider later prehistoric landscape. It is well preserved and retains considerable archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of evidence relating to chronology, layout, building techniques and functional detail.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive. It is circular in shape on plan and measures 80m in diameter.

Source: Cadw

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