Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Burnt Mound on Esgair Ferchon

A Scheduled Monument in Cynwyl Gaeo, Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

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Latitude: 52.0713 / 52°4'16"N

Longitude: -3.8628 / 3°51'45"W

OS Eastings: 272422

OS Northings: 243079

OS Grid: SN724430

Mapcode National: GBR Y1.CQHT

Mapcode Global: VH4H7.068F

Entry Name: Burnt Mound on Esgair Ferchon

Scheduled Date: 9 March 2000

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 840

Cadw Legacy ID: CM299

Schedule Class: Domestic

Category: Burnt mound

Period: Prehistoric

County: Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

Community: Cynwyl Gaeo

Traditional County: Carmarthenshire


The monument consists of the remains of a burnt mound, probably dating to the Bronze Age (c. 2,300BC - 800BC). A burnt mound is an accumulation of burnt (fire-crazed) stones, ash and charcoal, usually sited next to a river or lake, with hearths and/or some form of trough or basin capable of holding water either within the mound or adjacent to it. The mound measures 15m x 11m and is 1.5m high. Slight scrapes in the sides reveal the burnt material and shattered stones within.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of prehistoric ritual and funerary practices. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits. The structure itself may be expected to contain archaeological information concerning chronology and environmental evidence. A burnt mound may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value. The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive. It is circular and measures 25m in diameter, centred on the mound.

Source: Cadw

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