Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Begwns Round Barrow, Mynydd Machen

A Scheduled Monument in Crosskeys, Caerphilly (Caerffili)

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Latitude: 51.6036 / 51°36'12"N

Longitude: -3.1222 / 3°7'19"W

OS Eastings: 322376

OS Northings: 190010

OS Grid: ST223900

Mapcode National: GBR J0.B3D1

Mapcode Global: VH6DN.TYSL

Entry Name: Begwns Round Barrow, Mynydd Machen

Scheduled Date: 2 December 1935

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 589

Cadw Legacy ID: MM071

Schedule Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Category: Round cairn

Period: Prehistoric

County: Caerphilly (Caerffili)

Community: Crosskeys

Traditional County: Monmouthshire


The following is a general description of the Scheduled Ancient Monument.

The monument comprises the remains of an earth and stone-built round barrow, which probably dates to the Bronze Age (c. 2300 - 800 BC). The site is situated on the summit of Mynydd Machen and has a Trig Point on top of it. It is circular in plan, 17m in diameter and 2.5m high with a flat top.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of prehistoric burial and ritual practices. The features are an important relic of a prehistoric funerary and ritual landscape and retain significant archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of both intact ritual and burial deposits, together with environmental and structural evidence. Barrows may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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