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American War of Independence Redan at Bath House

A Scheduled Monument in Neyland, Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7045 / 51°42'16"N

Longitude: -4.9467 / 4°56'48"W

OS Eastings: 196486

OS Northings: 204747

OS Grid: SM964047

Mapcode National: GBR G7.VR40

Mapcode Global: VH1S0.6FQ6

Entry Name: American War of Independence Redan at Bath House

Scheduled Date: 16 September 1992

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2088

Cadw Legacy ID: PE452

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Battery

Period: Post Medieval/Modern

County: Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)

Community: Neyland

Built-Up Area: Neyland

Traditional County: Pembrokeshire

Description

The monument comprises of the remains of a Redan, a fortification designed to include in a V-shaped salient angle towards an expected attack. It was built at the outbreak of the American Civil War of Independence to protect an emergency shipyad building frigates for the Royal Navy when the percieved enemy was American privateers operating from France. It consists of an irregular five sided, stone-revetted structure projecting out across the shingle beach to just belwo the high tide mark. the coursed yellow sandstone stand up to 2.2 m high and are battered and have rounded corners. There is a semi-circular coping made of mortar/concrete with a beach pebble aggregate. The interior is a lawn level with the original coping which may conceal the original emplacements for up to 10 guns.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of post-medieval defensive organisation. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits. The structure itself may be expected to contain archaeological information concerning chronology and building techniques.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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