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Latitude: 51.7045 / 51°42'16"N
Longitude: -4.9467 / 4°56'48"W
OS Eastings: 196486
OS Northings: 204747
OS Grid: SM964047
Mapcode National: GBR G7.VR40
Mapcode Global: VH1S0.6FQ6
Entry Name: American War of Independence Redan at Bath House
Scheduled Date: 16 September 1992
Source ID: 2088
Cadw Legacy ID: PE452
Schedule Class: Defence
Period: Post Medieval/Modern
County: Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)
Built-Up Area: Neyland
Traditional County: Pembrokeshire
The monument comprises the remains of a Redan, a fortification designed to include in a V-shaped salient angle towards an expected attack. It was built at the outbreak of the American Civil War of Independence to protect an emergency shipyard building frigates for the Royal Navy, when the perceived enemy was American privateers operating from France. It consists of an irregular five sided, stone-revetted structure projecting out across the shingle beach to just below the high tide mark. the coursed yellow sandstone walls stand up to 2.2m high and are battered and have rounded corners. There is a semi-circular coping made of mortar/concrete with a beach pebble aggregate. The interior is a lawn level with the original coping which may conceal the original emplacements for up to 10 guns.
The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of post-medieval defensive organisation. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits. The structure itself may be expected to contain archaeological information concerning chronology and building techniques.
The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.
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