Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Lavacroon, settlement west of Bu of Orphir

A Scheduled Monument in Kirkwall West and Orphir, Orkney Islands

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Latitude: 58.9224 / 58°55'20"N

Longitude: -3.1605 / 3°9'37"W

OS Eastings: 333276

OS Northings: 1004481

OS Grid: HY332044

Mapcode National: GBR L5K4.NY5

Mapcode Global: WH6B3.FZ7X

Entry Name: Lavacroon, settlement W of Bu of Orphir

Scheduled Date: 26 February 1996

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM6405

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: settlement; Secular: Viking settlement, Norse settlement

Location: Orphir

County: Orkney Islands

Electoral Ward: Kirkwall West and Orphir

Traditional County: Orkney


The monument consists of an area of farmland, formerly the site of a mound, which has been proven by geophysical survey and limited excavation, together with field collection, to contain extensive remains of late prehistoric and Norse settlement.

The area is not marked by any obvious surface features other than a slight swell of the ground as it rises over the former centre of the mound. Archaeological results suggest that there are deep deposits at the centre of the rise, thinning out on every side.

The area proposed for scheduling consists of the E portion of a field immediately N of the Gyre Road and the SE corner of the next field to the N. Modern fences are excluded, as are the lines of existing field drains, to allow for maintenance. The area to be scheduled has a maximum dimension of 128m ENE-WSW by 110m, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance as the proven site of extensive archaeological deposits of the late prehistoric and Norse periods. In addition, its importance is enhanced by its proximity to the concentration of Norse period remains centred on the Bu of Orphir and nearby St Nicholas' Church.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland


No Bibliography entries for this designation

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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