Ancient Monuments

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Garvald Mains, pit alignment SSE of

A Scheduled Monument in Haddington and Lammermuir, East Lothian

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Latitude: 55.9136 / 55°54'48"N

Longitude: -2.6611 / 2°39'40"W

OS Eastings: 358771

OS Northings: 669143

OS Grid: NT587691

Mapcode National: GBR 90V1.NZ

Mapcode Global: WH8WB.3M2D

Entry Name: Garvald Mains, pit alignment SSE of

Scheduled Date: 19 October 2000

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM8801

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: pit alignment; Prehistoric ritual and funerary: pit alignment (r

Location: Garvald and Bara

County: East Lothian

Electoral Ward: Haddington and Lammermuir

Traditional County: East Lothian


The monument comprises a pit alignment of prehistoric date, visible as cropmarks on oblique aerial photographs.

The monument lies within an area of undulating arable land, bordered on the north by the Hairy Burn and on the west by the Papana Water, at a height of around 200m OD. It comprises an alignment of large pits which run in a roughly NNE-SSW direction, the course of which can be traced over a distance of approximately 400m.

The pit alignment crosses land which slopes from around 205m OD at its SSW end to around 185m OD at its NNE end. The pit alignment would have formed a prehistoric land division, either a barrier of posts, or a bank formed from the upcast from the pits. Comparison with similar features which have been subject to excavation indicates that it is likely to date from the Neolithic period or later in prehistory.

The area proposed for scheduling includes the visible extent of the remains described, and an area around them in which related material may be expected to be found. It is irregular on plan, measuring 430m from its northernmost point to its southernmost point, by about 40m transversely, as marked in red upon the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because it has the potential to contribute to our understanding of the division of the landscape in prehistory.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NT 56 NE 47.

Aerial Photographs used:

RCAHMS (1981) EL/5545.

RCAHMS (1992) C/1957.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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