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Camp Tops,fort,linear earthwork and field system

A Scheduled Monument in Kelso and District, Scottish Borders

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.4563 / 55°27'22"N

Longitude: -2.2227 / 2°13'21"W

OS Eastings: 386015

OS Northings: 618068

OS Grid: NT860180

Mapcode National: GBR D5XB.LX

Mapcode Global: WH9ZZ.T3RZ

Entry Name: Camp Tops,fort,linear earthwork and field system

Scheduled Date: 30 May 1961

Last Amended: 30 June 1994

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM2106

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: fort (includes hill and promontory fort)

Location: Morebattle

County: Scottish Borders

Electoral Ward: Kelso and District

Traditional County: Roxburghshire

Description

The monument is a fort of the Iron Age with cultivation remains of the type known as "cord rig" in the vicinity, believed to be prehistoric. The fort is already scheduled; this rescheduling is intended to extend protection to the cultivation remains. The fort is D-shaped and measures 70m by 47.5m internally. It is defended by three ramparts with medial ditches. There are the remains of at least 6, and possibly 10 circular houses in the interior, defined by shallow trenches up to 1m wide. The cord rig appears as ridges and furrows less than 2m across, and lies to the W and N of the fort. The area to be scheduled measures 245m NW to SE by 180m transversely, to include the fort, the cord rig, the remains of two tracks or linear earthworks, and an area around these features in which traces of activities associated with their use may survive, as marked in red on the attached map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance as a well preserved fort which has the potential to enhance considerably our understanding of settlement and defence in prehistory. The importance of the monument, already recognised by its scheduling, is enhanced by the discovery of cultivation remains in the vicinity, which have the potential to increase considerably our understanding of the economic basis of the fort. Taken with the other varied types of prehistoric settlement in the area the monument has the potential to increase greatly our knowledge of the development of settlement and agriculture in southern Scotland.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

The monument is RCAHMS number NT 81 NE 8 and 44.

RCAHMS, Roxburghshire Inventory, No. 653.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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