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Cocklawfoot,farmstead,homestead,settlement & field systems 500m north east of

A Scheduled Monument in Kelso and District, Scottish Borders

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.4628 / 55°27'46"N

Longitude: -2.2226 / 2°13'21"W

OS Eastings: 386019

OS Northings: 618796

OS Grid: NT860187

Mapcode National: GBR D5X8.LK

Mapcode Global: WH9ZS.TYSJ

Entry Name: Cocklawfoot,farmstead,homestead,settlement & field systems 500m NE of

Scheduled Date: 28 March 1991

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM5019

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: homestead; Secular: farmstead

Location: Morebattle

County: Scottish Borders

Electoral Ward: Kelso and District

Traditional County: Roxburghshire

Description

The monument comprises the remains of a prehistoric homestead and scooped settlement, a major linear earthwork and a pre-improvement farmstead and parts of more than one field system. The homestead measures c 30m NNE to SSW by 26m within a low wall. Its interior is split into an upper and lower terrace; the former has traces of a circular house. The linear earthwork, which seems to be later than the homestead, runs up to it on the SW and NE sides.

It originates above a waterfall on the left bank of the Cheviot Burn, runs to the homestead, and thence to the Kingsseat Burn, appearing again on the S side of the burn and fading out at the edge of modern cultivation. To the SE of the S terminal lies the scooped enclosure, which measures 50m along its lower side (SE to NW) by 43m transversely. At the confluence of the Cheviot Burn and the Kingsseat Burn is the farmstead, probably that known as "Trone" which belonged to Melrose Abbey in the 13th century.

The major feature is a D-shaped enclosure measuring 30m by 18m; into this yard projects a rectangular building measuring 8m by 3m. A second building extends along the SW side of the yard. A complex of field boundaries associated with the farm run off towards the linear earthwork, which may be the farm boundary.

The area to be scheduled measures a maximum of 900m NNE to SSW by a maximum of 405m transversely, to include the homestead, settlement, farmstead, linear earthwork and field system, and an area around them in which traces of activities associated with their use may survive, as marked in red on the attached map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance as a well preserved complex of prehistoric and pre-improvement farming settlements with a pre-improvement field system. Individually these have the potential to enhance considerably our understanding of settlement in their respective periods. Taken together, and with other broadly contemporary sites in the area, they have the potential to increase greatly our knowledge of the development of the farmed landscape over several thousand years.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NT 81 NE 4, 31, 10 and 12.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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