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Hayhope Knowe,palisaded settlement,settlement & field systems

A Scheduled Monument in Kelso and District, Scottish Borders

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.4525 / 55°27'9"N

Longitude: -2.2245 / 2°13'28"W

OS Eastings: 385898

OS Northings: 617650

OS Grid: NT858176

Mapcode National: GBR D5XD.67

Mapcode Global: WH9ZZ.S6XW

Entry Name: Hayhope Knowe,palisaded settlement,settlement & field systems

Scheduled Date: 10 October 1957

Last Amended: 19 January 1993

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM1713

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: palisaded settlement

Location: Morebattle

County: Scottish Borders

Electoral Ward: Kelso and District

Traditional County: Roxburghshire

Description

The monument is a palisaded settlement (already scheduled), a scooped settlement, a lyncheted field system and cultivation remains of the kind known as cord rig. The palisaded settlement measures 87m E to W and 50m across within a double palisade trench 1.5m apart. The settlement has a further, incomplete, rampart and palisade defence line outside this. There are at least 16 circular houses in the interior. The scooped settlement lies in a more sheltered position at the NW foot of Hayhope Knowe. It comprises about five separate scoops, with the visible remains of three circular houses, measuring overall 61m E to W by 49m transversely. It appears to overlie part of the system of lyncheted fields which occupies the area between the palisaded settlement on the summit of the hill and the scooped settlement. The lynchets are low banks more or less along the contour of the hill, bounding narrow parallel fields. The cord rig, appearing as narrow ridges and furrows, lies more to the S and W of the palisaded settlement and apparently underlies and overlies elements of the palisaded site. The area proposed for scheduling measures 520m E to W and a maximum of 430m transversely, to include the palisaded and scooped settlements and the two types of field system and cultivation remains, and an area around them in which traces of activities associated with their use may survive, as marked in red on the attached map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance as a complex of well-preserved remains which has the potential considerably to enhance our understanding not only of prehistoric settlement but also of the agricultural systems with which such settlements were associated. Taken with the other prehistoric remains in the area, these sites have the potential to increase greatly our knowledge of the development of the farmed and settled landscape in prehistory.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

The monument is recorded in the RCAHMS as NT 81 NE 7, NT 81 NE 18, NT 81 NE 43 and NT 81 NE 36.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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