Ancient Monuments

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Orval, deer traps east of, Rum

A Scheduled Monument in Caol and Mallaig, Highland

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Latitude: 57.0077 / 57°0'27"N

Longitude: -6.3804 / 6°22'49"W

OS Eastings: 134150

OS Northings: 799258

OS Grid: NM341992

Mapcode National: GBR BBM6.B94

Mapcode Global: WGY8Y.Y4W5

Entry Name: Orval, deer traps E of, Rum

Scheduled Date: 3 March 1999

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM8180

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Secular: enclosure

Location: Small Isles

County: Highland

Electoral Ward: Caol and Mallaig

Traditional County: Argyllshire


The monument comprises the remains of what is probably a deer trap of medieval date. It is situated on the slopes to either side of a ridge between two mountain peaks.

The probable deer trap consists of a funnel-shaped arrangement of stone dykes which are located on the N slope of the ridge and two linear stone dykes located several hundred metres to the south; these dykes probably helped to direct deer into the funnel. At the downhill end of the funnel there is slight evidence for a stone built enclosure into which the deer probably fell. There is also evidence of another linear dyke on the hill slope to the NW of the funnel and there may have been further deer traps in close proximity.

The area to be scheduled is in three parts: The N area is a maximum of 210m ENE-WSW by 160m N-S, the SE area is 290m SSE-NNW by a maximum of 50m E-W while the SW area is 115m E-W by 45m N-S, to include the remains of the deer traps and land around likely to contain evidence of activities associated with their construction and use, as shown in red on the accompanying map extract.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to an understanding of medieval deer hunting on Rum and elsewhere. The structure was disused well before the late 18th century and is probably medieval in date. This deer trap forms part of an important complex of related monuments in the western part of Rum.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland


No Bibliography entries for this designation

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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