Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Middlebank, unenclosed settlement north east of

A Scheduled Monument in Carse of Gowrie, Perth and Kinross

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Latitude: 56.4337 / 56°26'1"N

Longitude: -3.203 / 3°12'10"W

OS Eastings: 325910

OS Northings: 727484

OS Grid: NO259274

Mapcode National: GBR VD.6PVC

Mapcode Global: WH6Q8.RKY6

Entry Name: Middlebank, unenclosed settlement NE of

Scheduled Date: 7 December 1998

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM7204

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: settlement

Location: Errol

County: Perth and Kinross

Electoral Ward: Carse of Gowrie

Traditional County: Perthshire


The monument comprises an unenclosed settlement of prehistoric date, visible as a series of cropmarks on oblique aerial photographs.

The monument lies in arable farmland on a gently undulating ridge, at around 20m OD. It comprises two main clusters of cropmarks. To the E, there are at least six disc-shaped cropmarks, each measuring about 10-12m in diameter, representing the remains of prehistoric timber roundhouses. Lying among them is an oval setting of pits, measuring about 5m in diameter, which appears also to represent the structural components of a former timber roundhouse.

A series of linear, curving cropmarks associated with this group of features appear to represent the remains of souterrains - semi-subterranean, passage-like structures used for storage in later prehistoric times. The W cluster comprises at least six further disc and crescent-shaped cropmarks, each again measuring about 10-12m in diameter.

One is enclosed by a circular palisaded enclosure about 20m in diameter. This group of features also appears to include at least two souterrains and, to the W, a palisaded enclosure about 25m in diameter. Overall the two clusters represent the remains of a complex and multi-phase later prehistoric settlement.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the visible remains and an area around them within which related material may be expected to be found. It is an irregular quadrilateral with maximum dimensions of 280m NE-SW by 90m transversely, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of prehistoric settlement and economy. Its importance is increased by its proximity to monuments of potentially contemporary date.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NO 22 NE 14.01 and 14.02.

Aerial Photographs used:

RCAHMS (1983) PT/15271 NO22NE14.

RCAHMS (1983) PT/15273 NO22NE14.

RCAHMS (1988) PT/15270/TR NO22NE14.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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