Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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New Mains, souterrain 730m north east of

A Scheduled Monument in Carse of Gowrie, Perth and Kinross

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Latitude: 56.4507 / 56°27'2"N

Longitude: -3.1726 / 3°10'21"W

OS Eastings: 327819

OS Northings: 729341

OS Grid: NO278293

Mapcode National: GBR VD.SJZD

Mapcode Global: WH6Q9.74H5

Entry Name: New Mains, souterrain 730m NE of

Scheduled Date: 1 February 1999

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM7206

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: souterrain, earth-house

Location: Inchture

County: Perth and Kinross

Electoral Ward: Carse of Gowrie

Traditional County: Perthshire


The monument comprises a souterrain of prehistoric date, visible as a series of cropmarks on oblique aerial photographs.

The monument lies in arable farmland at around 15m OD, close to a break of slope where the ground falls away to the NE. It comprises a curved cropmark measuring about 12m in length by about 4m wide. This appears to represent the remains of a souterrain; a type of semi-subterranean passage-like structure generally believed to have been used for storage in the later prehistoric period.

Souterrains formed components of larger later prehistoric settlements, which often included timber roundhouses. A number of less distinct cropmarks to the E and S of the souterrain may represent the remains of such associated structures.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related material may be expected to be found. It is an irregular quadrilateral, with maximum dimensions of 100m between its N-most and S-most points, and 90m between its E-most and W-most points, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of prehistoric settlement and economy. Its importance is increased by its proximity to monuments of potentially contemporary date.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland


No Bibliography entries for this designation


Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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