Ancient Monuments

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Calkin,settlement 300m east of

A Scheduled Monument in Annandale East and Eskdale, Dumfries and Galloway

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Latitude: 55.1871 / 55°11'13"N

Longitude: -3.0929 / 3°5'34"W

OS Eastings: 330514

OS Northings: 588630

OS Grid: NY305886

Mapcode National: GBR 68VG.6D

Mapcode Global: WH6XB.GWFD

Entry Name: Calkin,settlement 300m E of

Scheduled Date: 18 February 1987

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM4395

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: settlement; Secular: settlement, including deserted, depopulated

Location: Westerkirk

County: Dumfries and Galloway

Electoral Ward: Annandale East and Eskdale

Traditional County: Dumfriesshire


The monument is a scooped and embanked settlement of the Iron Age situated on the S bank of the Boyken Burn. It measures 46m from NE to SW by 41m transversely within the remains of a stone wall now spread up to 5.8m in thickness and 0.6m in height. The interior has been scooped up to 3.6m into the slope on the SW and contains three irregularly shaped platforms, probably the sites of buildings; one in the centre and two on the SW, probably representing a pre-improvement farmstead. The entrance is on the E and on the NE the perimeter is overlain by a rectangular building measuring about 12m x 4m within stony footings up to 1.3m in thickness and 0.2m in height. The edge of the bank is overlain on the SW by the farm track to Calkin. An area a maximum of 70m WSW to ESE by 55m transversely is proposed for scheduling.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument has good field characteristics. It is important to the themes of Iron Age settlement and, with the more substantial monument of similar date to the S, it is of national importance to the theme of the organisation of the Iron Age landscape. The pre-improvement farmstead is of national importance to the theme of pre-improvement settlement.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS record the site as NY38NW 15.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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