Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Mid Knock,enclosure 350m SSW of

A Scheduled Monument in Annandale East and Eskdale, Dumfries and Galloway

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Latitude: 55.2041 / 55°12'14"N

Longitude: -3.106 / 3°6'21"W

OS Eastings: 329708

OS Northings: 590544

OS Grid: NY297905

Mapcode National: GBR 68R8.C8

Mapcode Global: WH6XB.8G69

Entry Name: Mid Knock,enclosure 350m SSW of

Scheduled Date: 18 November 1991

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM5173

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: enclosure (domestic or defensive)

Location: Westerkirk

County: Dumfries and Galloway

Electoral Ward: Annandale East and Eskdale

Traditional County: Dumfriesshire


The monument is a defended settlement of the Iron Age, situated between two gulleys on the hillside 350m SW of Mid Knock farmhouse. It is roughly circular with internal dimensions of 49m (NE-SW) by 46m transversely. There are traces of a spread bank up to 3.2m in thickness and 0.4m in height around the N, E and SW while on the S there is a line of stones which may have formed its inner face. There are at least 4 circular house scoops in the interior. The entrance is on the NNE where a deeply hollowed trackway leads out of the interior. A modern dyke has been built on the summit of the enclosing bank. There is a boggy area immediately to the W where organic remains associated with the use of the settlement may survive. An area measuring 100m (NNE-SSW) by 85m transversely is proposed for scheduling, defined on the N and S by the streams, to include the settlement, the boggy area and an area around the settlement in which traces of activity associated with its use may survive. The structure of the modern dyke above ground level is specifically excluded from scheduling.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance as a monument with well preserved field characteristics which has the potential to enhance considerably our understanding of Iron Age settlement in the area. It is of particular interest because of the density of house stances in its interior and because of the possible survival of organic remains in the adjacent boggy area. Taken with other examples of its type also proposed for scheduling it has the potential to increase considerably our understanding of the development and use of the prehistoric landscape in the area.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NY 29 SE 31 and 33.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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