Ancient Monuments

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Balhall, fields and cupmarked stone 800m west of Balhall Lodge

A Scheduled Monument in Brechin and Edzell, Angus

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Coordinates

Latitude: 56.7675 / 56°46'3"N

Longitude: -2.8117 / 2°48'41"W

OS Eastings: 350483

OS Northings: 764288

OS Grid: NO504642

Mapcode National: GBR WQ.WM2X

Mapcode Global: WH7Q1.S598

Entry Name: Balhall, fields and cupmarked stone 800m W of Balhall Lodge

Scheduled Date: 2 February 1988

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM4459

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: field or field system; Prehistoric ritual and funerary: cupmarks

Location: Menmuir

County: Angus

Electoral Ward: Brechin and Edzell

Traditional County: Angus

Description

The monument comprises a stone with c. 30 small cupmarks, small cairns, and banks forming at least 3 field systems. The most regular field system consists of a series of 15 roughly parallel banks forming open ended fields and a group of at least 3 similar banks on a similar alignment. It is of particular interest because the local succession appears to be cairns and curvilinear banks succeeded by an open ended field system which in turn is succeeded by later cairns and another curvilinear bank system. The latest bank system appears to be contemporary with a small sub rectangular house measuring roughly 5m x 3m.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance to studies of pre-improvement agriculture because it preserves stratigraphical relationships between 3 systems of banks and at least 2 periods of small cairn accumulation, because the middle bank system defines open ended field system of the type found at Hill of Menmuir and because the succession demonstrates chronological depth in an otherwise apparently unitary collection of small cairns.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography
No Bibliography entries for this designation

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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