Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Balquharn, souterrains 400m and 600m west of Shandford

A Scheduled Monument in Brechin and Edzell, Angus

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Latitude: 56.7541 / 56°45'14"N

Longitude: -2.8444 / 2°50'39"W

OS Eastings: 348465

OS Northings: 762815

OS Grid: NO484628

Mapcode National: GBR WN.XKYH

Mapcode Global: WH7Q1.8HSL

Entry Name: Balquharn, souterrains 400m and 600m W of Shandford

Scheduled Date: 24 June 1996

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM6403

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: souterrain, earth-house

Location: Fern

County: Angus

Electoral Ward: Brechin and Edzell

Traditional County: Angus


The monument comprises the remains of a group of souterrains and related remains of later prehistoric date represented by cropmarks visible on oblique aerial photographs.

The monument lies in arable farmland at around 180m OD.

The more westerly part of the site comprises a curving souterrain some 10m long by 1-2m wide, possibly lying inside a roughly circular enclosure some 45m in diameter with a ditch some 1m wide and a possible entrance to the S. About 150m to the ESE is a second souterrain, some 20m long and up to about 3m wide and a series of ill-defined cropmarks that probably represent the remains of associated above-ground settlement.

The area to be scheduled encompasses the remains described and areas around them in which traces of associated activity may be expected to survive. It is in two parts. The first, more easterly, is circular with a diameter of 60m, while the second is also circular with a diameter of 80m, both as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of later prehistoric economy. Its importance is greatly enhanced by its proximity to other souterrain groups in the immediate vicinity.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NO 46 SE 38 and 39.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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