Ancient Monuments

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Greendykes,shale bing,Broxburn

A Scheduled Monument in Broxburn, Uphall and Winchburgh, West Lothian

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Latitude: 55.9474 / 55°56'50"N

Longitude: -3.4642 / 3°27'51"W

OS Eastings: 308653

OS Northings: 673673

OS Grid: NT086736

Mapcode National: GBR 1Y.Y7PH

Mapcode Global: WH5RB.RSK1

Entry Name: Greendykes,shale bing,Broxburn

Scheduled Date: 16 March 1995

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM6186

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Industrial: mines, quarries

Location: Kirkliston

County: West Lothian

Electoral Ward: Broxburn, Uphall and Winchburgh

Traditional County: West Lothian


The monument consists of a large shale bing. The bing is a waste heap composed of residue from the destructive distillation of shale to extract oil. This process was the foundation of some of the earliest petro-chemical industries. The scheduled area is irregular in shape, about 920m from W of N to E of S by 580m from E to W, as marked in red on the accompanying map. All modern boundary walls and fences are excluded from this scheduling.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance as one of the very few intact spent-shale bings left in central Scotland. The shale oil industry was locally important for about a century, and its pioneer, James Young, developed refining techniques still used in the oil industry. This bing, with its neighbour Faucheldean, gives striking evidence of the enormous volume of material processed in the extraction of oil from shale. In this case the operating company was the Broxburn Oil Co, active from the 1860s to c. 1940.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland


No Bibliography entries for this designation

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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