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Faucheldean,shale bing,Winchburgh

A Scheduled Monument in Broxburn, Uphall and Winchburgh, West Lothian

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.9522 / 55°57'7"N

Longitude: -3.4673 / 3°28'2"W

OS Eastings: 308475

OS Northings: 674214

OS Grid: NT084742

Mapcode National: GBR 1Y.Y100

Mapcode Global: WH5RB.QN3B

Entry Name: Faucheldean,shale bing,Winchburgh

Scheduled Date: 17 May 1993

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM5692

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Industrial: mines, quarries

Location: Kirkliston

County: West Lothian

Electoral Ward: Broxburn, Uphall and Winchburgh

Traditional County: West Lothian

Description

Circa 1880 with later additions. 2-storey, 3-bay, L-plan house with chip-carved ornament. Cream sandstone polished ashlar to principal elevation; rubble to sides and rear. Base course; cornice. Non-traditional single storey modern extension to E.

E RANGE: S ELEVATION: pedimented gable wall; central, full-height, 4-light canted window; cill courses to ground and 1st floor; ground floor windows set in recessed panels with intricately carved floral pattern and dentils above glazing; central 1st floor window in recessed, segmental-arched panel with similar floral carving and dentils; carved cross above; strip quoins rising to carved scrolls and skewputt at dentilled eaves; cast-iron, decorative finial to roof. W ELEVATION: single window to 1st floor above porch. E ELEVATION: 3-bay; regular fenestration to both floors.

N RANGE: S ELEVATION: 2-bay; recessed tripartite doorway to right; panelled door; plate glass fanlight; square-plan porch (open to both S and W) at re-entrant angle supported by square-section columns with decorative parapet; single, round-arched window to 1st floor above; to left, bipartite window in segmental-arched panel with floral carving above glazing to ground floor; single window above; incised design to both floors to outer left. E ELEVATION: modern extension to ground; single windows to outer left and right at 1st floor above.

Modern replacement windows with hopper lower sashes. Grey slate piended roof; shouldered, coped and corniced wallhead stacks.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance as one of the very few intact spent-shale bings left in central Scotland. The shale oil industry was locally important for about a century, and its pioneer, James Young, developed refining techniques still used in the oil industry. This bing, with its neighbour Greendykes Bing, gives a clear idea of the enormous volume of material processed in the extraction of oil from shale. In this case the works depositing waste was the Hopetoun Oil Works, which operated from about 1870 to 1935.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

Appears on 1883 PO Directory map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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