Ancient Monuments

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The Mount moated site

A Scheduled Monument in Haresfield, Gloucestershire

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Latitude: 51.7928 / 51°47'34"N

Longitude: -2.2766 / 2°16'35"W

OS Eastings: 381020.182522

OS Northings: 210500.650153

OS Grid: SO810105

Mapcode National: GBR 0KL.F8M

Mapcode Global: VH94Q.H6BG

Entry Name: The Mount moated site

Scheduled Date: 21 October 1968

Last Amended: 3 September 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020655

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32365

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Haresfield

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Haresfield St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester


The monument includes a moated site, known as The Mount, set on low-lying
ground in the Severn Vale. It is visible as a square moat enclosing an
island measuring 50m by 48m and orientated north east-south west. The moat
varies from approximately 10m to 16m wide and 3m to 4m deep to the surface of
the water. The surface of the island is raised about 1.5m above the level of
the ground outside the moat and a building platform, about 36m square and
0.5m high, is visible on the island. Between the platform and the inside edge
of the moat on all four sides is a slight ditch and bank which is included
in the scheduling. The moat narrows slightly in the north west corner. The
south west corner of the moated site is abutted by the gateway into the
churchyard and may have been the original access to the moat island.
The Mount is believed to have been the site of the manor house of the
manor of Haresfield, held after the Norman Conquest by Durand, sheriff of
Gloucester, and later by the de Bohun family. Although it is not known
precisely when The Mount was constructed, a house called `The Mount' was
assessed at eight hearths in 1672 and in 1680 was described as `adjoining
the great old stone house and shooting towards the moat'.
A number of features are excluded from the scheduling; these are the ruins
of a small stone building on the north west corner of the island, the
wooden footbridge across the north west corner of the moat, all wooden
gates, the metal fence to the south and east of the moat and the metal
kissing gate at the south east corner; the ground beneath all these
features is, however, included.
The wooden three-bar fences on the east and west sides of the monument
which lie beyond the area of protection are not included in the

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The Mount moated site survives well and is unencumbered by later
buildings. Buried deposits on the island are likely to include the remains
of medieval structures, and will contain archaeological information
relating to the construction and subsequent occupation and use of the
moated site. Within the moat, waterlogged deposits will have preserved
archaeological remains relating to the occupation and use of the site,
along with organic material which will provide information about the
economy of the site and the local environment during the medieval period.
The moated site lies close to the village church of St Peter's and the
large number of footpaths converging on this area suggests the importance
of the monument in the medieval period.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Herbert, N M, The Victoria History of the County of Gloucestershire - Westbury and Whitstone Hundreds, (1972), 190-191
Spry, N P, Price, E G, 'Glevensis' in The Mount, Haresfield, , Vol. 14, (1980), 29

Source: Historic England

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