Ancient Monuments

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Moated site at Manor Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Quedgeley, Gloucestershire

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Latitude: 51.8213 / 51°49'16"N

Longitude: -2.2698 / 2°16'11"W

OS Eastings: 381502.911313

OS Northings: 213663.258712

OS Grid: SO815136

Mapcode National: GBR 0K6.NZP

Mapcode Global: VH94J.LHY4

Entry Name: Moated site at Manor Farm

Scheduled Date: 4 June 1992

Last Amended: 7 February 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012315

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13805

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Quedgeley

Built-Up Area: Gloucester

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Quedgeley

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester


The monument includes a moated site set on low lying ground c.2km south east
of the River Severn. It comprises a rectangular four-armed moat, three arms
of which remain visible, enclosing an island c.80m x c.50m orientated
north west-south east. The moat is 9m wide at its widest point and c.4m deep
and survives as a waterfilled feature on the south western side only. There is
a slight internal and external bank c.0.3m in height running along the length
of this side. The north western and north eastern arms survive as earthworks
and are believed to contain waterlogged sediment. The south eastern arm has
been infilled, possibly intentionally during the construction of the present
farm buildings, and survives as a buried feature. A causeway, possibly on the
original siting, crosses the middle of the south western side. This arm of the
moat has been enlarged at the eastern end to form a small waterfilled pond
c.24m in width. The central portion of the present house which is a Grade II
Listed Building dates to the 15th century, the north wing to the 16th century,
and the south wing to 1811. The original construction of Quedgeley probably
occurred between 1250 and 1350 and the buried remains of earlier buildings are
considered likely to survive. The present house and farm buildings are
excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath the uncellared parts
(the two wings and the outbuildings) of the house and the farm buildings is

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Manor Farm, Quedgeley, survives in a relatively undisturbed
condition and can provide archaeological evidence which, combined with
historical documentation, will provide information on the organisation and
development of the buildings of the manor. The waterlogged conditions of the
moat itself provide good potential for the preservation of environmental
information and organic remains relating both to the economy of the site and
the landscape in which the monument was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Morgan, K, The Victoria History of the County of Quedgeley, (1972)
Saville, A, Archaeological sites in the Avon and Glos. Cotswolds, (1980)
Saville, A, Plough Damage Survey, (1977)
DOE, List of Buildings of Historic & Architectural Interest,
typology Pagination p5, Darvill, T., Moated Sites MPP Monument Class Description, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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