Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows on Court Hill, 210m and 420m south east of Standish Court Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Standish, Gloucestershire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7704 / 51°46'13"N

Longitude: -2.287 / 2°17'13"W

OS Eastings: 380294.803038

OS Northings: 208012.427282

OS Grid: SO802080

Mapcode National: GBR 0KR.YDN

Mapcode Global: VH94Q.9RTN

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows on Court Hill, 210m and 420m south east of Standish Court Farm

Scheduled Date: 18 August 1948

Last Amended: 25 November 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017081

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32384

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Standish

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Standish St Nicholas

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows aligned broadly north west-south east,
located on the crest of a hill in the Cotswolds and within two areas of
protection. The northern barrow has a mound which measures 17.8m north-south,
16m east-west and is 1.25m high, while the barrow 420m to the south east has a
mound measuring 13.5m in diameter and 1m high.
Surrounding each mound is a ditch from which material was excavated during the
construction of the barrows. These ditches are no longer visible at ground
level, but survive as buried features each about 2m wide. There is a
depression in the top of the northern barrow, which is thought to be due to
unrecorded excavation in the past.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The two bowl barrows on Court Hill, 210m and 420m south east of Standish Court
Farm survive well, and their mounds will contain evidence for primary and
secondary burials, along with grave goods, which will provide information
about prehistoric funerary practices and the size of the local community at
that time. The barrow mounds will preserve environmental information in the
buried original ground surface, predating the construction of the barrows and
giving an insight into the landscape in which the monuments were set. In
addition, the mounds and their surrounding ditches will also contain
environmental evidence, in the form of organic remains, which will relate both
to the barrow and the wider landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. LXXIX, (1960), 130

Source: Historic England

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