Ancient Monuments

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Cairn 500m north west of Quantock Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Crowcombe, Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1275 / 51°7'38"N

Longitude: -3.21 / 3°12'35"W

OS Eastings: 315422.511139

OS Northings: 137164.055731

OS Grid: ST154371

Mapcode National: GBR LW.9BKV

Mapcode Global: VH6GY.9XVJ

Entry Name: Cairn 500m north west of Quantock Farm

Scheduled Date: 24 November 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019801

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33702

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Crowcombe

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age cairn located on the south side of West
Hill in the western region of the Quantock Hills. The cairn is formed of a
central mound surrounded by a berm and an outer bank. The mound is 12.5m in
diameter and approximately 1m high, the berm and bank together are 8m wide,
giving the cairn an overall diameter of 28.5m.
The surface of the cairn has been disturbed and the mound has a hollow
depression which may be the result of a partial excavation in antiquity.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The area of the Quantock Hills, although small in extent, is one of the few
remaining expanses of open moorland in southern Britain. Its archaeological
importance lies in the existence of a landscape displaying examples of
monuments tracing the exploitation of the hills from the Bronze Age onwards.
Well-preserved monuments from the Bronze Age and Iron Age, including round
barrows, cairns, settlements, hillforts and a trackway, as well as later
industrial remains, give insights into changes in the pattern of land use on
the hills through time. These earthwork features are one of the key components
of the Quantocks' broader landscape character.
Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter
predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally
available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and
are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. Twelve round cairns have been recorded
on the Quantocks, although the original figure is likely to have been higher.
They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial
proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some disturbance of the cairn 500m north west of Quantock Farm, it
survives well and will contain archaeological deposits and environmental
evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was
constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of Somerset Archaelogical & Natural History Society' in Somerset Barrows, , Vol. 113 pt 1, (1969), 38

Source: Historic England

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