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Cairn 480m north of Little Quantock Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Crowcombe, Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1257 / 51°7'32"N

Longitude: -3.2172 / 3°13'1"W

OS Eastings: 314915.190312

OS Northings: 136971.634268

OS Grid: ST149369

Mapcode National: GBR LW.98RZ

Mapcode Global: VH6GY.6Y1X

Entry Name: Cairn 480m north of Little Quantock Farm

Scheduled Date: 10 April 1975

Last Amended: 7 June 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017294

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33701

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Crowcombe

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age cairn located on the summit of Fire Beacon,
a south and west facing hill in the western region of the Quantock Hills. The
cairn is of an irregular shape with a spread mound, approximately 2m above
ground level at its highest point and 26m in diameter. The surface of the
mound has been disturbed which may indicate that a partial excavation has been
carried out, probably in antiquity.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The area of the Quantock Hills, although small in extent, is one of the few
remaining expanses of open moorland in southern Britain. Its archaeological
importance lies in the existence of a landscape displaying examples of
monuments tracing the exploitation of the hills from the Bronze Age onwards.
Well-preserved monuments from the Bronze Age and Iron Age, including round
barrows, cairns, settlements, hillforts and a trackway, as well as later
industrial remains, give insights into changes in the pattern of land use on
the hills through time. These earthwork features are one of the key components
of the Quantocks' broader landscape character.
Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter
predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally
available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and
are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. Twelve round cairns have been recorded
on the Quantocks, although the original figure is likely to have been higher.
They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial
proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The cairn 480m north of Little Quantock Farm survives well despite some
disturbance to the mound which has altered its original shape. It will contain
archaeological deposits and environmental evidence relating to the monument
and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of Somerset Archaelogical & Natural History Society' in Somerset Barrows, , Vol. 113 pt 1, (1969), 29

Source: Historic England

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