Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 510m north east of Cook House

A Scheduled Monument in Fylingdales, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.3967 / 54°23'48"N

Longitude: -0.5417 / 0°32'29"W

OS Eastings: 494778.308872

OS Northings: 501116.974001

OS Grid: NZ947011

Mapcode National: GBR SKNL.JN

Mapcode Global: WHGBC.NR88

Entry Name: Round barrow 510m north east of Cook House

Scheduled Date: 15 November 1934

Last Amended: 9 April 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019698

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31378

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Fylingdales

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ravenscar St Hilda

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated on the western flank of Howdale
Moor. This is the easternmost extent of the sandstone, heather covered moor
characteristic of the North York Moors. Today the moor is little used but
archaeological evidence indicates that this has not always been the case. The
prehistoric period in particular saw extensive agricultural use of the area.
It was also then used for burials and activities associated with the carving
of patterns on exposed rock. Remains of these activities survive today. The
barrow is located on a natural knoll in improved and enclosed land on the
fringe of the moor overlooking Howdale to the north.
The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 0.5m high and measuring 20m
in diameter. The mound was surrounded by a ditch up to 3m wide which has been
filled in and is no longer visible as an earthwork. The barrow mound was
originally higher but has been reduced by agricultural activity over the years
and now only survives as a low mound.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although reduced by agricultural activity the round barrow 510m north east of
Cook House has survived well. Significant information about the original
construction of the barrow, the burials placed within it and its relationship
with other monuments in the area will be preserved. Evidence of earlier land
use will also survive beneath the barrow mound.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994), 1-38

Source: Historic England

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