Ancient Monuments

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Two round barrows 560m north east of Cook House

A Scheduled Monument in Fylingdales, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.3965 / 54°23'47"N

Longitude: -0.54 / 0°32'24"W

OS Eastings: 494884.783588

OS Northings: 501094.995736

OS Grid: NZ948010

Mapcode National: GBR SKNL.WR

Mapcode Global: WHGBC.PR1F

Entry Name: Two round barrows 560m north east of Cook House

Scheduled Date: 15 November 1934

Last Amended: 9 April 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019689

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34378

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Fylingdales

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ravenscar St Hilda

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes two adjacent round barrows and the area between them in
which unmarked burials and other archaeological remains may survive.
It is situated on the north western flank of Howdale Moor. This is the
easternmost extent of the sandstone, heather covered moor characteristic of
the North York Moors. Today the moor is little used but archaeological
evidence indicates that this has not always been the case. The prehistoric
period in particular saw extensive agricultural use of the area. It was also
used for burials and activities associated with the carving of patterns on
exposed rock. Remains of these activities survive today.
Each barrow has an earth and stone mound which stand 10m apart. The western
mound is 0.5m high and measures 5m in diameter. The eastern mound measures 6m
in diameter and is 0.5m high. Each mound was surrounded by a ditch up to 3m
wide which has been filled in and is no longer visible as an earthwork.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The two round barrows 560m north east of Cook House have survived well.
Significant information about the original form of the barrows, burials placed
within them and the relationship with other monuments in the area will be
preserved. Evidence of earlier land use will also survive beneath the barrow
mounds.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994), 1-38

Source: Historic England

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