Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Enclosure and stone hut circle 700m west of Sharpitor

A Scheduled Monument in Walkhampton, Devon

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Latitude: 50.5146 / 50°30'52"N

Longitude: -4.0425 / 4°2'33"W

OS Eastings: 255281.942716

OS Northings: 70302.04766

OS Grid: SX552703

Mapcode National: GBR Q0.K5F6

Mapcode Global: FRA 27FP.T1D

Entry Name: Enclosure and stone hut circle 700m west of Sharpitor

Scheduled Date: 19 February 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019590

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34426

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Walkhampton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


The monument includes an enclosure and stone hut circle situated on a gentle
west facing slope of Sharpitor overlooking the valley of the River Tamar. The
enclosure survives as a 20m diameter circular area surrounded by a rubble bank
measuring up to 4m wide and 0.8m high. The stone hut circle sits in the
northern part of the enclosure and is butted by the enclosure wall. The
interior of the stone hut circle measures 6m in diameter and is surrounded by
a 1.4m wide double orthostatic wall standing up to 0.6m high.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Within the landscape of Dartmoor
there are many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of
stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though
earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or
as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to
accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. The size
and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably depending on their
particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to
other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of
social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities.
They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial
proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The enclosure and stone hut circle 700m west of Sharpitor survive well and
represent an important source of information relating to the occupation of
this area during later prehistoric times. This settlement forms part of a
well-preserved group of broadly contemporary sites which together illustrate
the character of prehistoric activity on this side of the Moor.

Source: Historic England


Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE285, (1986)

Source: Historic England

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