Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 440m north west of Ettiford

A Scheduled Monument in Berrynarbor, Devon

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Latitude: 51.1823 / 51°10'56"N

Longitude: -4.0866 / 4°5'11"W

OS Eastings: 254255.939502

OS Northings: 144630.075908

OS Grid: SS542446

Mapcode National: GBR KP.5Y93

Mapcode Global: VH4MC.3KX0

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 440m north west of Ettiford

Scheduled Date: 21 October 1968

Last Amended: 7 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019006

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32212

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Berrynarbor

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Berrynarbor St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Exeter


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a prominent upland ridge
overlooking the Sterridge Valley, and is one of a dispersed group recorded
in this area. The monument survives as a circular mound which measures 28.9m
in diameter and 0.9m high. The surrounding ditch from which material to
construct the mound was derived is partially visible to the east, where it
measures up to 4m wide and 0.1m deep, elsewhere it survives as a buried
feature. The raised stone built field track which crosses the ditch on the
northern side of the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the
ground beneath is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite reduction in its height through cultivation, the bowl barrow 440m
north west of Ettiford survives well and contains archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and its surrounding landscape.
It is one of a dispersed group of barrows.

Source: Historic England


Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS54SW1, (1982)

Source: Historic England

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